The Ecuadorean Constitution (2008) recognizes and guarantees the right to a life free from violence in the public and private spheres for all persons (Art.66.3.b), as well as guaranteeing and making it explicit that nobody can be discriminated against because of their sexual orientation or gender identity (Art.11.2), and homosexuality was decriminalized in 1997. However, the existence in the country of addiction rehabilitation clinics2 that clandestinely offer to "cure homosexuality" continues to be covered‐up. This is just one of several control and regulation mechanisms perpetuating practices that violate LGBTI human rights and particularly affect lesbian women.

After more than a decade of initiatives and demands by different women's organizations and lesbian collectives, the main oppressive elements that continue violating and infringing the rights of lesbians in particular and LGBTI persons in general, will be described in the following sections.